Friday, September 23, 2011

AM Transmitter Circuit Diagram Using 741 Op-amp

AM transmitter is a circuit which can transmit message signal to modulated signal. This circuit is designed with limited power and the required power supply of the transmitter circuit is 9 Volt.

The circuit has three parts that is an audio amplifier, radio frequency oscillator and modulator circuit. The frequency oscillator is built with 741 Op-amp and related components. The carrier signal frequency and its amplitude can be varied using variable resistor accordance with VR1 and VR2  respectively.  C1 and C2 are the main components to generate the carrier frequency.

Another part of the circuit is an audio amplifier circuit. The audio amplifier is built with 741 Op-amp and related components. A microphone is used to convert the voice signal to the audio signal which is feed to the op-amp’s inverting terminal. This audio signal is amplified by the op-amp. The amplified audio signal is filtered using the capacitor C7. This output is feed to the modulator circuit.

The main part of the AM transmitter is modulator circuit which is built with the transistor BC109. The carrier signal is feed to the base of transistor and the message / audio signal is also feed to the emitter of the transistor.
Here the required modulated signal is taken from the collector of the transistor which is feed to the output antenna.
Continue Reading here[...]

Saturday, September 17, 2011



In operation, with no input, the DC voltage at pins 1,2 and 3 of the op-amp will be about 4 volts, and the voltage on the (+) inputs to the 3 comparators (pins 5,10,12) will be about a half volt less due to the 1N914 diode drop. The voltage on the (-) comparator inputs will be around 5.1 and 6.5 which is set by the 560 and 750 ohm resistors.

When an audio signal is present, the 10uF capacitor connected to the diode will charge toward the peak audio level at the op-amp output at pin 1. As the volume increases, the DC voltage on the capacitor and also (+) comparator inputs will increase and the lamp will turn on when the (+) input goes above the (-) input. As the volume decreases, the capacitor discharges through the parallel 100K resistor and the lamps go out. You can change the response time with a larger or smaller capacitor.
Continue Reading here[...]